Liberal Justice and Economic Freedom

Since the early Greek philosophers, the concept of "justice" is one of the cornerstones of the political philosophy. Today, almost every book/article on the subject starts the discussion by referring to Aristoteles. Today, justice is largely seen as a public virtue according to which the political institutions of a society should be organized despite the Aristoteles' conception of justice as an individual virtue. Either way, there is little doubt that it is a universal ideal.

Justice can be defined, most easily, on a negative basis. When understood as a negative virtue, justice means refraining (individually) from stealing and staying away (socially/politically) from the institutions and mechanisms that create injustice. "Injustice" means deviating from the "right" and violating their rights when it comes to our relations with individuals or the behaviour of institutions towards individuals. According to this, justice, as the negative of the injustice, obliges individuals/institutions both to act "right" towards individuals and to recognize/respect their rights.


Prof. Mustafa Erdoğan, in this article, investigates the economic freedom as the cornerstone of a free society.

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